2012.05.30,Professor Wang Jun Published a paper entitled:“Single-Step Assembly of Cationic Lipid_Polymer Hybrid Nanoparticles for Systemic Delivery of siRNA” in ACS Nano

  • Author:Yang Xianzhu、Dou Shuang、Wang Yucai、Long Hongyan、Xiong Menghua、Mao Chengqiong、Yao Yandang、Wang Jun

    Abstract:The clinical success of therapeutics of small interfering RNA (siRNA) is still hindered by its delivery systems. Cationic polymer or lipid-based vehicles as the major delivery systems of siRNA cannot sufficiently satisfy siRNA therapeutic applications. It is hypothesized that cationic lipid–polymer hybrid nanoparticles may take advantage of both polymeric and lipid-based nanoparticles for siRNA delivery, while diminishing the shortcomings of both. In this study, cationic lipid–polymer hybrid nanoparticles were prepared by a single-step nanoprecipitation of a cationic lipid (N,N-bis(2-hydroxyethyl)-N-methyl-N-(2-cholesteryloxycarbonyl aminoethyl) ammonium bromide, BHEM-Chol) and amphiphilic polymers for systemic delivery of siRNA. The formed hybrid nanoparticles comprised a hydrophobic polylactide core, a hydrophilic poly(ethylene glycol) shell, and a cationic lipid monolayer at the interface of the core and the shell. Such hybrid nanoparticles exhibited excellent stability in serum and showed significantly improved biocompatibility compared to that of pure BHEM-Chol particles. The hybrid nanoparticles were capable of delivering siRNA into BT474 cells and facilitated the escape of loaded siRNA from the endosome into the cytoplasm. The hybrid nanoparticles carrying polo-like kinase 1 (Plk1)-specific siRNA (siPlk1) remarkably and specifically downregulated expression of the oncogene Plk1 and induced cancer cell apoptosis both in vitro and in vivo and significantly suppressed tumor growth following systemic administration. We demonstrate that this system is stable, nontoxic, highly efficient, and easy to scale up, bringing the clinical application of siRNA therapy one important step closer to reality.

    DOI: 10.1021/nn300500u

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