·Professor, Division of Life Sciences and Medicine, University of Science and Technology of China. 2017  now

·Postdoctoral Fellow (Helen Hay Whitney Foundation/HHMI), Yale School of medicine, Dr. Richard Flavell Lab 2014  2017

·Postdoctoral Associate, Yale School of medicine, Dr. Richard Flavell Lab 2012  2014

·PhD in Cell Biology, Institute of Health Sciences, Shanghai Institutes for Biological Sciences, Chinese Academy of Sciences (CAS), Shanghai, China 2007 2012

·B.Sc. in Biotechnology , The University of Science and Technology of China, Hefei, Chi2002 2006


We are using various mouse models to study intestinal immune-microbes interaction in health and diseases such as IBD, aim to develop human personalized medicine. Our recent works demonstrated how pathogenic viruses, such as norovirus and rotavirus, are sensed by intestinal epithelial cells-specific Nod-like recpetors-Nlrp6 and Nlrp9, and how they mediate antivirus immune defense through divergent mechanisms (Nature, 2017; Science, 2016). Our work also illustrated how commensal viruses are sensed by Rig-I in intestinal dendritic cells, and how Rig-I/IRF1/IL-15 signaling maintained the expansion of intraepithelial lymphocytes (Nature Immunology, 2019). We also studied the roles of epigenetic regulators in T helper cells and cytokine secreted by T helper cells in intestinal inflammation and autoimmune diseases (Nature, 2017; Nature Communications, 2015; Nature Medicine, 2012; J Exp Med, 2010; J Immunol, 2010). These mechanisms of innate immune defense or T helper cell response characterized in the intestine, may provide useful targets for the manipulation of the immune responses to regulate intestinal inflammation.



·Qiushi Award  2018

  Awarded to only 10 young PIs of all fields each year in top universities of China

·MIT Technology Review 35 Innovators Under 35MIT TR35 China 2018

  Awarded to only 2 young investigates of biomedical field in China

·Helen Hay Whitney/HHMI Fellowship              2014

One of the most prestigious fellowships in US, awarded to top 4% of applicants          

·Excellent 100 Doctoral Dissertation of Chinese Academy of Sciences 2013

·Ray Wu Prize 2012

The most prestigious biomedical award in China, awarded to 5-10 PhD students each year 

·The Chinese Academy of Sciences Dean's Award                                              2012/2010

The highest honor for PhD students in CAS, awarded to one each institute every year                                             

·Olympus Innovation Award for the Eighth Youth Forum in Cell Biology               2012

·Johnson & Johnson Asia Outstanding Graduate Thesis Award in Bio-tech           2011

·Guo Moruo Scholarship 2006 The highest honor for undergraduate students in USTC

PUBLICATIONS: (*First author, #Corresponding author)   


41. R Li, S Zhu#. 2019. NLRP6 Inflammasome. Mol Aspect Med. In Press (#co-corresponding author) (IF=9)


40. L Liu, W Tao, B Lin, C Li, X Zheng, S Zhu#, W Jiang#, R Zhou#. 2019. Commensal viruses maintain the homeostasis of intestinal intraepithelial lymphocytes via non-canonical RIG-I signaling. Nat Immunol. s41590-019-0513-z (IF=20)


39. H Ma*, W Tao*, and S Zhu#. 2019. T Lymphocytes in Intestinal Mucosa: Defense and Tolerance. Cell Mol Immunol. 16:216–224. (Invited review) (IF=8)


38. A Wang and S Zhu#. 2019. Gut Viruses Firm the “Great Wall”. Precision Clinical Medicine. doi.org/10.1093/pcmedi/pbz027. 


37. W Zhang and S Zhu#. 2019. Gut metabolites: make orphans adopted. Precision Clinical Medicine.doi:10.1093/pcmedi/pbz012.


36. A Wang*, G Zhang*, W Tao*, S Zhu#. 2019. The immune response towards enteric virus in inflammatory bowel disease. 2019. Chin J Inflamm Bowel Dis. January 2019, Vol.3, No.1 (Invited review)


35. W Tao*, S Zhu#. 2019. Gut virome in health and disease. Journal of Biology, 2019, 36(6): 1-. (Invited review)


34. J Wang, MF. Sanmamed, I Datar, T Su, L Ji, J Sun, L Chen, Y Chen, G Zhu, L Zheng, T Zhou, T Badri, S Yao, S Zhu, A Boto, M Sznol, I Melero, DA. Vignali, K Schalper and L Chen#. 2018. Fibrinogen-like protein 1 is a major ligand of LAG-3 for T-cell suppression and the evasion of tumor immunity. Cell. 176, 1–14. doi:org/10.1016/j.cell.2018.11.010. (IF=32)


33. L Yang*, S Zhu, P Wang# et al. 2019. The STING-MSR1 Axis Controls RNA Virus Infection Through Noncanonical Autophagy. SSRN Electronic Journal.


32. S Ding, S Zhu, L Ren, N Feng, X Ge, B Li, RA Flavell, HB Greenberg#. 2018. Rotavirus VP3 targets MAVS for degradation to inhibit type III interferon expression in intestinal epithelial cells. Elife. 2018 Nov 21;7. pii: e39494. doi: 10.7554/eLife.39494. (IF=8)


31. L Wu, J Cao, WL Cai, SM Lang, JR Horton, DJ Jansen, ZZ Liu, JF Chen, M Zhang, BT Mott, K Pohida, G Rai, SC Kales, MJ Henderson, X Hu, A Jadhav, DJ Maloney, A Simeonov, S Zhu, A Iwasaki, MD Hall, X Cheng, GS. Shadel, Q Yan#. 2018. KDM5 histone demethylases repress immune response via suppression of STING. Plos Biology. 2018 Aug 6;16(8):e2006134. doi: 10.1371/journal.pbio.2006134. (IF=9)

30. J Tong, G Cao, T Zhang, E Sefik, M Amezcua Vesely, J Broughton, S Zhu, H Li, B Li, Lei Chen, H Chang, B Su, R Flavell# & HB Li#. 2018. m6A mRNA methylation sustains Treg suppressive functions. Cell Research. doi:10.1038/cr.2018.7 (IF=15)


29. Zhu S*, Ding S*, Wang P, Wang G, Lei X, Palm N, Pan W, Zheng Y, Feng N, Lu J, Shan L, Abraham C, Fikrig E, Greenberg H#, Flavell R#. Nlrp9b recognizes and restricts rotavirus infection in intestinal epithelial cells. 2017. Nature. doi:10.1038/nature22967. (Comment in Nature, doi:10.1038/nature23090, Research highlight in Cell Research, doi: 10.1038/cr.2017.93, Evaluated by Faculty of 1000 Biology, *co-first author). (IF=42)


28. Li, H.*, J. Tong*, S. Zhu*, P. Batista, J.Zhao, W. Bailis, Y. Yang, G. Wang, Y. Chen, Y. Kluger, Howard Y. Chang, Zhinan Yin#, Richard A. Flavell#. 2017. m6A mRNA methylation controls T cell homeostasis by targeting IL-7/STAT5/SOCS pathway. Nature. doi:10.1038/nature23450. (*co-first author) (IF=42)


27. Pan W, Zhu S, K Qu, K Meeth, J Cheng, K He, H Ma, Y Liao, X Wen, C Roden, Z Tobiasova, Z Wei, J Zhao, J Liu, J Zheng, B Guo, M Bosenberg, R Flavell, J Lu#. 2017. Tet2 sustains the immunosuppressive function of myeloid cells and promotes melanoma growth. Immunity. 2017, doi: 10.1016/j.immuni.2017.07.020. (IF=24)

26. Yu H, Borsotti C, Schickel JN, Zhu S, Strowig T, Eynon EE, Frleta D, Gurer C, Murphy AJ, Yancopoulos GD, Meffre E, Manz MG, Flavell RA#. 2017. A novel humanized mouse model with significant improvement of class- switched, antigen-specific antibody production. Blood.  doi: 10.1182/blood-2016-04-709584. (IF=12)

25. H Yu, N Gagliani, H Ishigame, S Huber, S Zhu, E Esplugues, K Herold, L Wen, R Flavell#. 2017. Intestinal type 1 regulatory T cells migrate to periphery to suppress diabetogenic T cells and prevent diabetes development. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, doi: 10.1073/pnas.1705599114. (IF=10)


24. Hu B, Jin C, Li HB, Tong J, Ouyang X, Cetinbas NM, Zhu S, Strowig T, Lam FC, Zhao C, Henao-Mejia J, Yilmaz O, Fitzgerald KA, Eisenbarth SC, Elinav E, Flavell RA#. 2016. The DNA Sensing Aim2 Inflammasome Controls Radiation Induced Cell death and Tissue Injury. Science. 2016 Nov 11;354(6313):765-768. (IF=41)

23. Shu Zhu, Geng Wang, Xuqiu Lei, Richard A. Flavell#. 2016. Mex3B, a coreceptor to present dsRNA to TLR3. Cell Research. 26(4):391-2. doi: 10.1038/cr.2016.29. (IF=15)

22. Cheng J, Roden CA, Pan W, Zhu S, Baccei A, Pan X, Jiang T, Kluger Y, Weissman SM, Guo S, Flavell RA, Ding Y, Lu J#. 2016. A Molecular Chipper Technology for CRISPR sgRNA Library Generation and Functional Mapping of Noncoding Regions. Nature Communications. 7:11178. doi: 10.1038/ncomms11178. (IF=12)



21. Wang P*, Zhu S*, Yang L, Cui S, Pan W, Jackson CelR, Zheng Y, Rongvaux A, Sun Q, Yang G, Gao S, Lin R, You F, Flavell R#, Fikrig E#. 2015. Nlrp6 regulates intestinal antiviral innate immunity. Science. 10.1126/science.aab3145. (Comment in Science Signaling (2015) DOI: 10.1126/scisignal.aad8628, *co-first author, #co-corresponding author) (IF=41)

20. Pan W*, Zhu S*, Dai D, Liu Z, Li D, Li B, Gagliani N, Zheng Y,.. Qian Y, Chen Y, Fang J, Herbst R, Richman L, Jallal B, Harley J, Flavell R, Yao Y# and Shen N#. 2015. MiR-125a targets effector programs to stabilize Treg mediated immune homeostasis and controls autoimmunity. Nature Communications. DOI: 10.1038/ncomms8096. (*co-first author) (IF=12)

19. Song X, Dai D, He X, Zhu S, Yao Y, Gao H, Wang J, Qu F, Qiu J, Wang H, Li X, Shen N, Qian Y#. 2015. Growth Factor FGF2 Cooperates with Interleukin-17 to Repair Intestinal Epithelial Damage. Immunity. doi:10.1016/j.immuni.2015.06.024. (IF=24)

18. W Pan, S Zhu, D Dai, J Harley, N Shen#. 2015. T cell transfer Model of Colitis. Bio-protocol. 10.21769/BioProtoc.1862


17. Zhu S, Li HB, Flavell RA#. 2014. Resemble and Inhibit: when RLR meets TGF-b. Molecular Cell. Dec 18;56(6):719-20. doi:10.1016/j.molcel.2014.12.010. (IF=14)

16. Zhu S, Jackson R, Flavell RA#. 2014. The lock-washer: a reconciliation of the RIG-I activation models. Cell Research.10.1038/cr.2014.5. (IF=15)

15. Marcel R. de Zoete*, Noah W. Palm*, Shu Zhu*, Richard A. Flavell#. 2014. Inflammasomes. Cold Spring Haber Perspectives in Biology. Oct 16;6(12):a016287. doi: 10.1101/cshperspect.a016287 (*co-first author) (IF=12)

14. Song X, Gao H, Lin Y, Yao Y, Zhu S, Wang J, Liu Y, Yao X, Meng G, Shen N, Shi Y, Iwakura Y, Qian Y#. 2014. Alterations in the Microbiota Drive Interleukin-17C Production from Intestinal Epithelial Cells to Promote Tumorigenesis. Immunity. 40 (1), 140-152. (IF=24)

13. W Pan, S Zhu, D Dai, J Harley, N Shen#. 2014. Mir-125a Is Critical Regulator for Controlling Autoimmunity in Multiple Autoimmune Diseases through Stabilizing Treg Mediated Immune Homeostasis. Arthritis & Rheumatology. 66():S1245, OCT 2014. (IF=8)


12. Zhu S#, Pan W, Qian Y#. 2013. MicroRNA in immunity and autoimmunity. J Mol Med. Sep;91(9):1039-50. doi: 10.1007/s00109-013-1043-z. (#co-corresponding author; Invited review) (IF=5)

11. Cao J, Zhu S, Zhou W, Li J, Liu C, Xuan H, Yan J, Zheng L, Zhou L, Yu J, Chen G, Huang Y, Yu Z, Feng L#. 2013. PLZF Mediates the PTEN/AKT/FOXO3a Signaling in Suppression of Prostate Tumorigenesis. PLoS One. 8 (12), e77922. (IF=4)


10. Zhu, S.*, W. Pan*, X. Song, Y. Liu, Y. Tang, H. Wang, W. Liu, Y. Shi, D. He, J.B. Harley, N. Shen and Y. Qian#. 2012. The microRNA miR-23b suppresses IL-17-associated autoimmune inflammation by targeting TAB2, TAB3 and IKK-α. Nature Medicine. 18: 1077-1086. DOI 10.1038/nm.2815. (Comment in Nature Reviews Immunology (2012) 474-475; Comment in Nature Medicine (2012) 18, 1009–1010; Evaluated by Faculty of 1000 Biology. *co-first author). (IF=33)

9. Zhu, S. & Qian, Y#. 2012. IL-17/IL-17 receptor system in autoimmune disease: mechanisms and therapeutic potential. Clin Sci (Lond) 122, 487-511. (Invited review) (IF=5)

8. Yao Y., Y. Wang, F. Chen, Y. Huang, S. Zhu, Q. Leng, H. Wang, Y. Shi, Y. Qian#. 2012. NLRC5 regulates MHC class I antigen presentation in host defense against intracellular pathogen. Cell Research. 04/2012; (IF=15)

7. Qu F, Gao H, Zhu S, Shi P, Zhang Y, Liu Y, Jallal B, Yao Y, Shi Y, Qian Y#. 2012. TRAF6-Dependent Act1 Phosphorylation by the I kappa B Kinase-Related Kinases Suppresses Interleukin-17-Induced NF-kappa B Activation. Mol Cell Biol 32: 3925-3937. (IF=4)


6. Song, X., S. Zhu, P. Shi, Y. Liu, Y. Shi, S.D. Levin, and Y. Qian#. 2011. IL-17RE is the functional receptor for IL-17C and mediates mucosal immunity to infection with intestinal pathogens. Nature Immunology. 12:1151-8. (IF=22)

5. Shi, P., S. Zhu, Y. Lin, Y. Liu, Z. Chen, Y. Shi, and Y. Qian#. 2011. Persistent stimulation with interleukin-17 desensitizes cells through SCFbeta-TrCP-mediated degradation of Act1. Science Signaling. 4:ra73. (IF=7)

4. Shi P, Zhu S and Y Qian#. 2011. IL-17 mediated signaling and function. Chin J Cell Bio. 2011, 33(4): 345-357. (Invited review)


3. Zhu, S., W. Pan, P. Shi, H. Gao, F. Zhao, X. Song, Y. Liu, L. Zhao, X. Li, Y. Shi, and Y. Qian#. 2010. Modulation of experimental autoimmune encephalomyelitis through TRAF3-mediated suppression of interleukin 17 receptor signaling. J Exp Med. 207:2647-2662. (Research highlight in Nature Medicine (2011) 17:52; Research highlight in Nature Immunology (2011) 12:19; Evaluated by Faculty of 1000 Biology). (IF=15)

2. Pan, W*, S. Zhu*, M. Yuan, H. Cui, L. Wang, X. Luo, J. Li, H. Zhou, Y. Tang, and N. Shen#. 2010. MicroRNA-21 and microRNA-148a contribute to DNA hypomethylation in lupus CD4+ T cells by directly and indirectly targeting DNA methyltransferase 1. J Immunol. 184:6773-6781.(*co-first author; 331 citations) (IF=5)


1. Yu, Z., P. Ji, J. Cao, S. Zhu, Y. Li, L. Zheng, X. Chen, and L. Feng#. 2009. Dazl promotes germ cell differentiation from embryonic stem cells. J Mol Cell Biol. 1:93-103. (IF=6) 




Researcher ID: http://www.researcherid.com/rid/P-6163-2018

OCRID ID: 0000-0002-8163-0869